5 Types of Elliott Wave Pattern to Understand the Market Behaviour

Do you know that these patterns might assist you in better comprehending how the market behaves? They are called the Elliott Wave Pattern.

Yes! It couldn’t be more accurate! But before we start driving into patterns, it is important that we properly comprehend what the Elliott wave concept is:

The Elliott wave theory is a kind of technical analysis that was developed to assist traders in evaluating the cycles of the financial markets.

Traders are able to foresee market movements with the assistance of this Elliott wave theory, which works by spotting extremes in prices and investor emotions.

According to Elliott Wave Theory, the movements of the market are said to adhere to a predetermined pattern of crowd psychology cycles.

The continuous market attitude, which goes through cycles of being optimistic and being negative, is taken into account in the formation of Elliott Wave Patterns.

However, the Elliott Wave should not be regarded a technical signal but rather a theory that aids in anticipating how the market will behave. Predicting market behaviour is one of the purposes of the theory.

In this blog post, we will go through the five most important kinds of Elliott Wave Patterns, which will assist traders in anticipating how the market will behave:

What is meant by the term “Elliott Wave Theory”?

According to the Elliott Wave Theory, the price of stocks follow a consistent pattern known as waves, which are produced by the psychology of traders and continually move in an up-and-down pattern.

According to this hypothesis, since similar patterns keep occurring over and over again, it is possible to accurately forecast how stock values will move.

When investors watch these waves, they may obtain a better understanding of the continuing trend dynamics, and it also helps them conduct a more in-depth analysis of the price movements.

However, investors may interpret the Elliot wave in a variety of ways, therefore traders need to keep in mind that the interpretation of the Elliot wave is subjective.

Before moving on to explore the patterns, let’s first talk about the motives and corrective waves:

Motives and corrective waves: what exactly are they?

Motive Waves and Corrective Waves are the two categories that may be applied to the Elliott Wave:

Motive Waves:

Motive waves are waves that go in the direction of the primary trend and consist of five waves that are labelled as Wave 1, Wave 2, Wave 3, Wave 4, and Wave 5. These waves move in the direction of the main trend.

Waves 1, 2, and 3 progress along the path of the primary direction, and Waves 2 and 4 progress along the path of the secondary direction.

In most cases, there are two distinct kinds of motive waves: impulse waves and diagonal waves.

  1. Corrective Waves Waves that move in the opposite direction of the general trend are referred to as corrective waves.

Motive waves are easier to understand but need more time to complete than corrective waves. The three waves that make up a correction pattern are denoted by the letters A, B, and C respectively.

The Zig-Zag Wave, the Diagonal Wave, and the Triangle Wave are the three most common forms of corrective waves.

Next, let’s talk about the Elliott Wave Patterns:

The five primary categories of Elliott Wave Patterns are as follows:


The impulse wave is the most prevalent kind of motive wave in a market, and it is also the wave that is simplest to identify.

The impulse wave, much like all other motive waves, is comprised of five sub-waves: three motive waves and two corrective waves, and its structure is denoted by the notation 5-3-5-3-5.

Nevertheless, the development of the wave follows a predetermined set of guidelines.

In the event that any of these guidelines are broken, the impulse wave is not produced, and we will need to re-label the wave that we first thought was an impulse.

The following are the three laws that govern the creation of impulse waves:

  • Wave 2 is not able to retrace Wave 1 by more than one hundred percent.
  • Wave 3 will never have the distinction of being the shortest of waves 1, 3, or 5.
  • Wave 4 will never be able to ride atop Wave 1.
  • The market’s movement is the primary objective of a motive wave, and impulse waves are the ones that are most effective in achieving this aim.


The diagonal wave is another sort of motive wave, and like other motive waves, it is composed of five sub-waves and goes in the direction of the trend.

The diagonal resembles a wedge that might either be widening or narrowing as it moves across the page. Also, depending on the sort of diagonal that is being seen, the sub-waves that make up the diagonal could not have a count of five as you would expect them to have.

Each sub-wave of the diagonal wave, much like the sub-waves of other motive waves, does not entirely retrace the path taken by the preceding sub-wave. In addition, the third subwave of the diagonal is not the wave with the shortest length.

One may further categorise diagonals by classifying them as either ending or leading diagonals.

In most cases, the ending diagonal will show up in Wave 5 of an impulse wave or in the final wave of corrective waves, whereas the leading diagonal will appear in either Wave 1 of an impulse wave or in the Wave A position of a zigzag correction. Both of these instances are considered to be at the end of an impulse wave.


The Zig-Zag is a corrective wave that consists of three waves that are labelled as A, B, and C and that move sharply in either the up or down direction.

The A and C waves are both considered to be motive waves, while the B wave is considered to be corrective (often with 3 sub-waves).

Zigzag patterns are sudden price corrections that substantially correct the price level of the preceding Impulse patterns. These price corrections can occur either during a bull or a bear rally.

It is also possible for zigzags to be formed in a combination that is known as the double or triple zigzag, which occurs when two or three zigzags are connected by another corrective wave in between them.


The flat is yet another type of three-wave correction. In this type of correction, the sub-waves are formed in a 3-3-5 structure that is also known as an A-B-C structure.

Waves A and B are both corrective waves in the flat structure, while Wave C is the motive wave and consists of 5 subwaves.

Because it moves in a flat plane, this pattern is referred to as the flat. A flat is more likely to appear in the fourth wave of an impulse wave, whereas the second wave is less likely to display one.

Because there are numerous permutations of this structure, the majority of flats do not typically present themselves in a clear manner on the technical charts.

Wave B may finish beyond the beginning of the A wave in a flat, and wave C may finish before the beginning of the B wave in a flat. The expanded flat is the name given to this particular type of flat.

In contrast to regular flats, which were described earlier, expanded flats are more frequently seen in retail settings.


The triangle is a pattern that consists of five sub-waves organised in the form of a 3-3-3-3-3 structure and is denoted by the letters A-B-C-D-E.

This corrective pattern demonstrates a balance of forces, and it moves in a lateral direction.

Either the triangle will be expanding, in which case each of the subsequent subwaves will become larger, or it will be contracting, in which case it will take the form of a wedge.

The triangles can also be classified as symmetrical, descending, or ascending, depending on whether they are pointing sideways, up with a flat top, or down with a flat bottom. This determines whether the triangles have a flat top or a flat bottom.

It is possible for the sub-waves to combine in a wide variety of ways. While it might appear simple in concept to recognise a triangle, in practise it might require a little bit of training to do so when you’re out shopping.

In conclusion, just as the Elliott wave theory can be interpreted in a variety of different ways by different traders, so too can its patterns be interpreted in a variety of different ways. Consequently, traders ought to make certain of this when they recognise the patterns.

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